Uncovering the Past at the Museum of London


Museum of London

Past and present at the Museum of London

[UPDATE: As of December 2022, the Museum of London has closed and is relocating to nearby Smithfield Market. The museum is planned to reopen in 2026. In the meantime, you can visit still visit the Museum of London Docklands.]

Ah London! If you’re “tired of London, you’re tired of life” and all that. This city has it all: fashion, culture, food, political skullduggery, financial wizardry / chicanery (delete where applicable) and lots and lots of history. As in bucket loads. Think in terms of a good few millennia worth of human settlement here on the banks of the Thames. For those of you hailing from younger nations (Americans! Canadians! Australians! Kiwis! I mean you!) this can be a bit mind-blowing. And that’s understandable. Gosh, even us locals find the sheer weight of history somewhat overwhelming.

Take the City of London, for example. Here’s a lovely map from 1677.

City of London Ogilby and Morgan's Map 1677

A look at the City of London in 1677

Crazy, isn’t it? AND IT’S NOT CHANGED. It’s still a mess of tight alleyways, wibbly thoroughfares and winkley laneways. Through which double decker buses hurtle at break-neck speed today (eeek!). How could this urban hotchpotch possibly be one of the world’s financial centres?

Mainly because the financial centre has been two thousand years in the making.  It’s had time to grow organically into the Square Mile. Ironmonger LaneBread StreetLombard StreetOld JewryPaternoster Row … these are all streets from the Middle Ages where one could find (respectively) the ironmongers, bakers, Italian bankers, Jewish money lenders and priests.

Medieval Baker

The history of a city in its people

And it’s these people who make up history. Sure, kings, queens, castles etc etc have their place. But these monarchs needed subjects to rule. Individuals whose collective needs and wants defined nation and empire. For those of you who don’t have a spare four years or so to write and research a doctoral thesis on this Fair Capital, I would suggest putting aside an afternoon instead and heading to the Museum of London.

This Museum provides a potted history of – not surprisingly – London. Its permanent exhibition take you on a delightful meander through 452,000 years of social history.* Granted, there’s a bit of a rush through the first 450,000 years with the skeletal remains of a mammoth’s foot and the reconstructed head of one of the area’s earliest inhabitants proving my particular highlights…

Sheparton Woman at the Museum of London

The Shepparton Woman at the Museum of London

… but then the Romans get here in AD 50. Salve, Romanos! Numerous tiny models show us what Londinium looked like under the Pax Romana.

Roman London displays at Museum of London

Gracechurch Street circa AD 200

Just after is the Medieval Gallery. This is chock full of the accoutrements of daily life – from both the spiritual and secular realms  – and includes a small space explaining the impact of the Black Death in 1348 upon London, England and arguably European history.

Should you be more of an Early Modernist then the 17th and 18th century spaces are rather fine, with an interactive experience of Vauxhall Pleasure Gardens a particular delight. Just beyond this is a reconstructed Victorian street with shops to wander in and windows full of contemporary desirables to admire.

Apothecary Museum of London

19th-century apothecary

The exhibition ends with 20th– and 21st-century London, highlighting the extraordinary social changes the city has undergone … but when placed into the context of its entire history, maybe they’re not as extraordinary as we might first think.

I’m going to tell you my favourite part of the chronological meander. You’ll never guess. Ready? Ok, here we go:

Mudlarking at the Museum of London


Stuff. Broken bits of pottery. Old pipes. Spoons made of bone. Rubbish in general. But old rubbish. And all found on the banks of the Thames. You can still go “mudlarking” today and accumulate your own collection of humanity’s detritus. Just imagine the sorts of people who owned and used these objects. The sorts of people who made history and ultimately forged the London we know today.

All in all, it’s not a bad way to spend an afternoon, wouldn’t you say?



* Do note this is a museum where chronology is king so I would not advise unleashing a toddler in the same way that you would at the British Museum. That would be bonkers. Imagine! Rushing from the Roman gallery straight to the 17th-century. Makes no sense at all…



Zoë F. Willis is a writer and enthusiastic London resident. You can read more about her adventures and creative exploits at Things Wot I Have Made.

Photo Credits: Museum of London by Mark HilaryOgilby and Morgan’s Map of 1677Medieval baker, all other photos by Zoë F. Willis

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